Sequence risk, (sequence-of-returns risk) is defined as the risk of receiving lower or negative returns early in a period when withdrawals are made from an individual's underlying investments. These negative returns combined with withdrawals can seriously impact how long a retiree is able to stretch their money. It is important to understand these risks as it can help with important decisions such as when to retire, or if it is a good idea to keep working for a few years into retirement to decrease the chance of money running out before retirement has ended.
After years of keeping the benchmark federal funds rate at historic lows, the Federal Reserve has been raising it gradually. Controlling the interest rate is one way the FOMC attempts to control inflation and economic growth. The near-zero rates were an emergency measure, and gradual increases reflect greater confidence in the U.S. economy. However, rising rates can affect you as a consumer and investor.
The 4% rule has received a lot of attention recently, as recent market woes of the past 18 years – from the tech crash of 2000 to the global financial crisis of 2008 – have pressured both market returns and increased volatility in the portfolios of retirees.